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India Profile


 

India: At a Glance

 

Capital

New Delhi

Area

32,87,263 sq.km

Area wise in the world

7th

Location

India extends between latitudes 8o4'N and 37o6'N. It is a country of the east with its landmass lying beteen longitudes 68o7'E and 97o25'E.

Stretch

3,214 Kilometers from north to south
2,933 Kilometers from east to west

Land Frontier

15,200 km

Coastline

7516.5 km

Neighbouring Countries

India shares its political borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan on the west and Bangladesh and Myanmar on the east. The northern boundary is made up of the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. India is seperated from Sri Lanka by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar

Physical Feature

The mainland consists of four well-defined regions: (i)The great mountain zone, (ii)The Indo-Gangetic plain, (iii)The desert region and (iv)The Southern Peninsula

Rivers

The main rivers of the Himalayan group are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.

Climate

There are four seasons which are recognised by the India Meteorological department. They are - Cold weather, hot weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west monsoon.

Fauna

Approx. 89,451 species

National Parks

94

Wildlife Sanctuaries

501

Official Languages

Hindi

Population (2001 census)

1,203,710,000(March 2011)(17% of the world's population)

Populationwise place in the world

2nd

Population density

324 person per square kilometer

Population growth

21.34 %

Sex Ratio

933 females per 1000 males

Literacy

65.38 %

Male Literacy

75.85 %

Female Literacy

54.16 %